About Rajasthan
Rajasthan is an amazing potpourri of the old and new. Rajasthan, literally meaning the Land of Kings, displays lavish forts and majestic palaces that are apt reminders of a rich and romantic past; one that speaks of heroism, honour and chivalry.

Situated amidst a stark desert and surrounded by the Aravallis, India's oldest mountain range, the state is a travellers' destination, attracting many with its art and craft. A glittering jewel of India, Rajasthan has something for everyone, whether you are planning an adventurous holiday hoping for a rendezvous with tigers, or have in mind a quiet sojourn gazing at the beauty of the golden sand-dunes, or are travelling to experience the many nuances of royalty.


Rajasthan has played an important role in the making of Indian history, its civilisation and its culture. Initially a collection of several princely states, collectively known as Rajputana, Rajasthan came into greater prominence during the period of decline and disintegration of the Gupta Empire.

The Rajput kingdoms faced severe Muslim attacks at different stages of their evolution. Some lost their independence while others held out against the enemies.

The Rajputs were passionately attached to their land, family and honour, and were known for their indomitable courage, chivalry and utmost regard for the truth. The people of Rajasthan still sing songs and tell tales of courageous heroes like the legendary Prithvi Raj Chauhan, and Rana Pratap of Mewar who defied the mighty Mughal Emperor Akbar.

During the 18th century, as the Mughal Empire was fading, the British made their presence felt in the country. Many princely states continued to maintain their autonomy even during the British rule. At the time of Independence, Rajputana (region of Rajputs) comprised 18 princely states, two chieftains and a British administered province of Ajmer-Merwara, besides a few pockets and territories outside its main boundaries.

By 1950, the 18 states of united Rajasthan merged to form one state. The Maharaja of Jaipur, Sawai Man Singh II, was made the Rajpramukh and Jaipur became its capital. Today, Rajasthan has 33 districts that cover an area of 3,42,239 sq km.

Climate of Rajasthan

A. Summer (April-June) Summer season in Rajasthan is considered to be the hottest in the whole of India. The scorching sun remains at the head, bringing the temperature as close as 45 degree C (105F) at the day time. Night temperatures usually drop till 24 degree C (75F). On the contrary, the hill station of Mount Abu remains cool, providing respite to the tourists.

B. Monsoon (July-September) When it is pouring heavily in the other parts of India, the state of Rajasthan gets moderate rains. Nevertheless, it is enough to bring down the mercury to a comfortable 24 degree C-35 degree C bracket (70F-90F). The arrival of Indian monsoon also sets the stage for dust storms in Rajasthan, which is also known as ‘Kali Aandhi’.

C. Winters (January-March) The best time to visit the state of Rajashan is indeed autumn. One can expect a freezing temperature point of 0 degree C also in the month of January. As a whole, temperature fluctuates between a bracket of 10 degree C-27 degree C (50F-80F) in the winters.


By Air : Rajasthan has good connectivity with many cities around the globe and has three major airports. For domestic/international flights, there is an airport in Jaipur. Another international airport closest to reach destinations in Rajasthan by air is at Delhi 260 kilometers away from Jaipur. Udaipur, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur have domestic airports connected from major cities in India.

By Train : To reach Rajasthan, train is a good option. The state as a whole has 4600 Km of railway track, which means that it is evenly spread throughout the region. This wide railway network enables the state to get easily connected with the rest of the country. However, there are direct links from major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Bangalore.

If you want to experience extraordinary leisure tour across the most significant tourist destinations in Rajasthan, you should also check out Palace on Wheels, Royal Rajasthan on Wheels and Maharajas Express. These luxury trains offer 3 to 7 night all inclusive tour in Rajasthan.

By Road : The state has well connected state and national highways. There are twenty National Highways that snake around the state covering an area of 6373 Km. The most famous National Highway is NH8, which passes through Delhi, Jaipur, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, Vadodra, Mumbai and many others. Others nineteen National Highways are NH 11, NH 3, NH 11B, NH 11A, NH 14, NH 12, NH 65, NH 15, NH 79, NH 76, NH 89, NH 79A, NH 112, NH 90, NH 113, NH 116, and NH 114. Also, for those travelling from bus: The state has appreciable bus services by the government, with the name of Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) and has been serving since 49 years. There are more than 5000 buses and 56 depots in the state, three of which have buses that travel to other neighboring states. Some of the major neighboring states from Rajasthan are, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

By Car : The amazing landscapes of Rajasthan makes up for a road trip to savor. Listed below are major neighboring states/cities and their distance from Jaipur and Udaipur (Depended upon which is closer).

New Delhi- Jaipur: Distance 274 Km. Time: 4 hours.
Haryana- Jaipur: Distance 303 Km. Time 4 hours 36 minutes.
Agra-Jaipur: Distance 235 Km. Time 4 hours 11 minutes.
Ahmedabad- Udaipur: Distance 256 Km. Time 3 hours 44 minutes.
Vadodra-Udaipur: Distance 355 Km. Time 4 hours 56 minutes.
Surat-Udaipur: Distance 509 km. Time 6 hours 58 minutes.
Mumbai- Udaipur: Distance 775 km. time 10 hours 53 minutes.

Main Attractions


While in a few texts, it has been termed as the Venice of the East, the City of Udaipur is known by its common moniker, the city of lakes. The city was the capital of the Sisodiya Rajputs of Mewar and is famous for its palaces that exemplify the finesse of Rajputana Style architecture. Udaipur was founded in 1553 by the Sisodiya Rajput Ruler Maharana Udai Singh II. The Mewar Rajputs founded the city to relocate their capital from Chittor to a more secure location. Today, most of the palaces have been converted into hotels, thus attracting a huge no. of tourist crowd to this city.
The city’s picturesque location at the foothills of the Aravalli Mountains, the state of Udaipur is a unique destination. Apart from its various palaces, forts, market places, and various temples are also the reason for its popularity. The cities are well planned and the people hospitable, the place is not only famous for its palaces and monuments, the city of Udaipur has a lot to offer its visitors.


The capital of the state, Jaipur is also the largest city in the princely state of Rajasthan. It was founded in 1727, by the Kachwaha Rajput Ruler Sawai Jaisingh II, who was the ruler of Amber. Also known by the nickname ‘Pink City of India’ which is due to the distinctive saffron or pink color of the buildings. The planning of the city was done according to the Vedic Vastu Shastra (Indian architecture). The well planned streets and detailed and artistic architecture make it one of the top preferred tourist locations.
In the 2008 Conde Nast Traveller Readers Choice Survey, Jaipur was ranked #7 of the best places to visit in Asia. Jaipur has lots to offer to even the most average tourists. Forts, monuments, temples, Gardens, museums and vast market places of Jaipur bring tourists who come from all around the world to experience the food, fun and frolic at this wonderful town. Jaipur is also home to a huge no. of arts and craft with over 20 unique specializations.


The second largest City of Rajasthan, Jodhpur is also the second most populated city of Rajasthan after Jaipur. The city was founded in 1459 by the Rathore Rajput Ruler, Rao Jodha Singh of Marwar. The city was founded as Marwar’s new capital after the fall of the former capital of Mandore. Jodhpur is also called the Sun City as it enjoys a bright sunny weather all year round. Strategically, it is considered to be the most important city of western Rajasthan as it lies only at a distance of 250 kilometers from the Indo-Pakistan border.
Also, because it lies in the center of Rajasthan, Jodhpur is an important tourist destination as well. Jodhpur has been listed many a times in various tourism magazines and documentaries and has topped the lonely planet’s list of most extraordinary place to stay in 2014. The various hill forts, palaces and the old walled city are just a handful of attractions from the multitude that this wonderful city has to offer.


The aptly named “golden city”, which comes from its view during the day, the city of Jaisalmer lies in the heart of the Thar Desert. The city was founded by The Bhati Rajput ruler Maharawal Jaisal Singh in 1156 Ad. The city gets its name from the golden sands of the Thar Desert and the same golden colored sandstone used in the city’s architecture. The city is a famous tourist spot due to its magnificent architecture and the various arts and crafts which are unique to this region. The city thrives on tourism, and can be called a home away from home for a huge no. of tourists from all around the world.
The unique feature about the city of Jaisalmer is its architecture. It was built as a walled city which makes it one of the largest forts in the world. You might want to pack a lot of paperbacks and almost 3-4 days to enjoy the life in this city to its fullest. The fort has numerous eateries that offer Italian, French and local cuisines. Visit during the months of November and December and you will enjoy this castle city to its fullest.


The city of Bikaner was founded in 1488 by the Rathore Rajput Ruler Rao Bika. Rao Bika was the son of the Rathore Ruler Rao Jodha who founded Jodhpur. The land was usurped from the rivaling Jat rulers of that time. However, no matter how many wars the ancient city has seen in the past, today Bikaner is another prime tourist destination and is famous for its sweets and snacks. The place is known for its forts and food.
The various arts and crafts of this place are also unique, especially the intricately carved windowpanes called jharokhas. It is one town we would personally recommend for you to visit if you want to experience the authentic taste of rajasthani cuisines. The various fairs held in Bikaner also attract a huge no. of visitors from all around India and the world. The famous temples like Karni Mata and Laxmi Nath Temple etc. are also worth the visit.